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PYP key concepts and related concepts

Form

Key question: What is it like?

Definition: The understanding that everything has a form with recognizable features that can be observed, identified, described and categorized.

Examples of related concepts: Properties, structure, similarities, differences, pattern.

Function

Key question: How does it work?

Definition: The understanding that everything has a purpose, a role or a way of behaving that can be investigated.

Examples of related concepts:  Behavior, communication, pattern, roles, systems.

Causation

Key question: Why is it like it is?

Definition: The understanding that things do not just happen, that there are causal relationships at work, and that actions nave consequences.

Examples of related concepts: Consequences, sequences, pattern, impact.

Change

Key question: How is it changing?

Definition: The understanding that change is the process of movement from one state to another. It is uníversal and inevitable.

Examples of related concepts: Adaptation, growth, cycles, sequences, transformation.

Connection

Key question: How is it connected to other things?

Definition: The understanding that we live in a world of interacting systems in which the actions of any individual element affect others.

Examples of related concepts: relationships, networks, homeostasis, interdependence.

Perspective

Key question: What are the points of view?

Definition: The understanding that knowledge is moderated by perspectives; different perspectives lead to different interpretations, understandings and findings; perspectives may be individual, group, cultural or disciplinary.

Examples of related concepts: Subjectivity, truth, beliefs, opinion, prejudice.

Responsibility

Key question: What is our responsibility?

Definition: The understanding that people make choices based on their understandings and the actions they take as a result do make a difference.

Examples of related concepts: Rights, citizenship, values, justice, initiative.

Reflection

Key question: How do we know?

Definition: The understanding that there are different ways of knowing and that it is important to reflect on our conclusions, to consider our methods of reasoning, and the quality and the reliability of the evidence we have considered.

Examples of related concepts: Review, interpretation, evidence, responsibility, behavior.